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Book Launch: Gerard Moran
Fleeing from Famine in Connemara: James Hack Tuke and His Assisted Emigration Schemes in the 1880s
Between 1882 and 1884, the English Quaker and philanthropist, James Hack Tuke, assisted nearly 5,000 people, mainly families, to emigrate from Connemara: paying for their passage and arranging for their settlement in Canada and the United States. The objectives of the Tuke Fund was to remove the surplus population and create viable holdings for those who remained, and initiate a chain migration. Initially, the Tuke Committee provided the funding in 1882, but realised the magnitude of the task and in 1883 and 1884 secured government financial assistance for the schemes. Despite opposition, Tuke felt it was the only short-term solution to poverty and destitution in Connemara.
Gerard Moran is a researcher at the SSRC, NUI Galway and has published extensively on nineteenth-century Ireland, including Sending Out Ireland’s Poor: Assisted Emigration to North America in the Nineteenth Century (Dublin, 2004).